Is inflation in Nigeria leading to another African Disaster?


Food inflation refers to the rate at which the prices of food items increase over a period of time. It is an important indicator of the overall health of an economy. As food is a basic necessity for all individuals, high food inflation can have a number of negative effects which include reducing people’s purchasing power and making it difficult for them to afford a healthy diet. The rate of inflation in Nigeria has been on the rise in recent years, reaching an all-time high of 18.3% in 2016.

This article will explore the causes of inflation in Nigeria and how it affects the average Nigerian citizen.

Causes of Inflation in Nigeria

There are several factors that contribute to inflation in Nigeria. Some of the key causes include:

Poor Infrastructure

The lack of good infrastructure is a major contributor to high levels of inflation in Nigeria. This is because it leads to shortages of goods and services, which drives up prices.

High Unemployment Rate

The unemployment rate is another contributing factor to high levels of inflation. When people are unemployed, they have little money to spend, which leads to higher prices for goods and services.


Corruption is a major problem in Nigeria and it contributes significantly to rising prices and inflation rates. Businesses often increase prices unnecessarily as a way to make extra profits, which hurts consumers greatly.

How Inflation Affects Nigerian Citizens?

In general, high levels of inflation affect Nigerian citizens negatively by reducing their purchasing power. This means that they can afford to buy less than before due to the same amount of money. As a result, many Nigerians find it difficult to meet their basic needs such as food, clothing, and shelter.

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How Can Inflation Be Controlled in Nigeria?

There are several ways that Nigerian authorities can work towards controlling inflation:

Improved Economic Policies

The government needs to implement better economic policies that will help reduce levels of inflation. For example, they could stop devaluing the naira and allow businesses to import essential goods without restrictions.

Increased Availability of Goods and Services:

Authorities need to take steps to improve the availability of goods and services in order to combat shortages and price hikes caused by demand exceeding supply. This could be done through measures such as increasing investment in infrastructure projects, encouraging foreign investment, and tackling corruption.

Reduction in Levels of Debt:

One-way authorities can control inflation is by reducing levels of debt. This can be done through measures such as debt restructuring, debt forgiveness, or debt relief programs.


In conclusion, inflation in Nigeria has reached high levels in recent years, reaching 18.3% in 2016. Poor infrastructure, high unemployment, and corruption are some of the key causes of inflation in the country. High levels of inflation reduce the purchasing power of Nigerian citizens and make it difficult for them to meet their basic needs. To control inflation, the government needs to implement better economic policies, improve the availability of goods and services, and reduce levels of debt.


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